Osteoarthritis Joint Damage

Osteoarthritis – Joint Damage

Osteoarthritis is a painful condition that affects the joints, especially the hips, knees, neck, lower back, or hands and feet. When osteoarthritis develops in a joint the cartilage (the soft tissue that protects the surfaces of the bone) begins to thin and roughen. This loss of a protective cushion between the ends of the bones can cause them to rub together and result in joint damage.

The joints can become painful and swollen as the body tries to repair the damage. Over time this can sometimes lead to bony outgrowths called spurs or ‘osteophytes’ developing on the ends of the bones which may also cause damage to the soft tissues around the joint including the ligaments. Gradually, smooth movement of the joint becomes difficult.

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